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大学英语六级写作技巧之段落提分秘籍

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发表于 2019-6-6 10:03:21 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
距离2019年上半年的大学英语六级考试还剩不到20天了,不知道大家最近复习得怎么样了?小编建议,如果你想短时间内快速提分,可以把精力多放在写作这项上,毕竟六级听力、阅读、翻译这三类题型除了要掌握答题技巧,还要基于我们前期大量的词汇储备。
因此,为了帮助大家在六级写作上拿到不错的分数,文都小编特意为大家整理了一份段落提分秘籍,希望对大家有所帮助。一般,无论四级作文还是六级作文,较佳的篇章布局还是以三段式为主,那么下笔之前,每个段落如何展开呢?想要提分的小伙伴们快点来学习一下吧~
【首段写法】
好的开头是六级作文的一个加分关键,也会给阅卷老师留下一个好印象。针对首段,我们可以使用以下三种方法来写:
1. 现状描述法:先直接描述现状,如:Recently, the issue of...has aroused public/wide concern.或者With the rapid development of..., ...have/has become increasingly important in our daily life.然后引入观点,可以用表达自己观点的标志词组,如:In my opinion/As far as I’m concerned/Personally, I’m in favor of...等。
2. 名句引用法:先引用名人名言或格言警句,后阐述蕴含道理。如:As the old saying/proverb goes, “...” And it tells/remind us that...
3. 问题引入法:以问句开头,更加引人入胜。如:In recent years, there is a general tendency to... According to a study..., ....Why...?或者These days we often hear about.... But is this really the case?
【中段写法】
一般来说,中间段作为论据,更能体现表达效果。为了增强这种效果,我们可以采用以下三种方法:
1. 列举法:先说明有几条内容,There may be a number of factors which contribute to/are responsible for/can explain/account for...然后再用first、second等序数词或表递进关系的标志词分条论述,如:first/firstly/in the first place/to begin with, second/secondly/in the second place, third/thirdly/furthermore/what’s more/finally/last but not least等。
2. 对比法:通过对比两种不同的观点来陈述各自的利弊,从而得出自己的结论。
可用的相关表达,如:People differ in their opinions on... Some of them believe that..., while others deem that...,然后再用On the one hand/for one thing, On the other hand/for another等展开。
3. 举例法:利用典型事例来加强观点的说服力。如:There are many instances supporting my opinion./Take...for example./Talking about..., the first thing that may occur to me seems to be.../No one can deny the fact that...等。
【末段写法】
末段的特点是概括简洁,目的是为了重申论点或升华主题。可以用以下三种方法:
1. 归纳总结法:顾名思义,就是对前面的论述进行归纳,并和首段相呼应,表明观点。如: Therefore, it is not difficult to draw the conclusion that.../From what has been discussed above/Based on the points discussed above, we can draw/arrive at the conclusion that.../In summary/conclusion/a word, it is important that we should.../Taking into account all of these factors, we may reach the conclusion that...
2. 提出建议法:针对上述问题提出可行化建议,简单陈述即可。如:Therefore, in order to..., effective measures should be taken to...
3. 预测展望法:预测某一举措带来的影响。如:What will happen to...? Nobody really knows. But one thing is certain:.../If everyone is willing to contribute himself to the society, it will be...
好了,以上就是文都小编分享的关于六级写作段落方面的提分技巧,希望大家在构思篇章段落时作为参考!最后预祝大家在考试中都能取得理想的成绩!
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